Pericoronitis Treatment: Managing Symptoms and Promoting Oral Health

Key Takeaways

  • Pericoronitis: Infected gum tissue around partial wisdom teeth impaction.
  • Symptoms: Pain, swelling, bad taste, difficulty opening mouth.
  • Treatment: Dental cleaning, antibiotics, good oral hygiene.
  • Timely Care: Eases symptoms, prevents issues, and maintains oral health.

Pericoronitis, a common dental issue, arises when the wisdom teeth partially erupt through the gums, leaving a flap of gum tissue vulnerable to bacterial infection. This condition can result in discomfort, swelling, and difficulty chewing or opening the mouth. Swift and effective Pericoronitis Treatment is crucial to alleviate the symptoms and prevent further complications. Understanding the available treatment options and proactive measures can significantly aid in managing this dental concern.


Pericoronitis is an infection of the gum tissue around your wisdom teeth, and it can be quite painful. When your wisdom teeth start to come in, they can cause problems if they don’t have enough space to emerge fully. Food and bacteria can get trapped around these partially erupted teeth, leading to infection and inflammation of the gums. This condition is known as pericoronitis.


The symptoms of pericoronitis can include pain, swelling, and redness around the affected area. You may also experience a bad taste, difficulty opening your mouth wide, and even a fever. It’s essential to seek treatment for pericoronitis to alleviate the discomfort and prevent further complications.

There are a few treatment options for pericoronitis. Over-the-counter pain medication can help manage the pain, and mouthwashes can relieve the bacteria in your mouth. Warm salt water rinses can also help soothe the gums and promote healing. Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to fight the infection in more severe cases.

While some home remedies can provide temporary relief, seeking professional dental evaluation for severe or persistent symptoms is important. Your dentist can provide the most effective treatment options and ensure the infection doesn’t worsen.

Symptoms and Causes

If you’re experiencing pain, swelling, or a bad taste in your mouth, you may be showing symptoms of pericoronitis. Pericoronitis is a condition that occurs when the gum tissue surrounding a partially erupted wisdom tooth becomes inflamed and infected. The symptoms of pericoronitis can vary depending on whether acute or chronic.

Acute pericoronitis symptoms include fever, severe pain, redness and swelling of the gum tissue, pus or drainage, discomfort swallowing, lockjaw, facial swelling, and swollen lymph nodes. On the other hand, chronic pericoronitis symptoms are usually milder and can include mild achiness, bad breath, and a bad taste.

Symptoms and Causes of Pericoronitis

The main cause of pericoronitis is partial tooth impaction, where the wisdom tooth doesn’t fully emerge through the gum. That creates a space where bacteria can accumulate, leading to infection and inflammation. Several risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing pericoronitis, such as being in your 20s, having wisdom teeth that haven’t fully erupted, being under stress, having excess gum tissue, being pregnant, and having poor oral hygiene.

If you’re experiencing pericoronitis symptoms, it’s important to seek treatment to prevent further complications.

Treatment options may include:

  • Cleaning the affected area.
  • Using warm salt water rinses to reduce inflammation.
  • Taking pain medication, or, in more severe cases.
  • Tooth removal.
  • Maintaining good oral health practices, such as regular brushing and flossing, can also help prevent pericoronitis from occurring.

Diagnosis and Tests

To diagnose pericoronitis, dentists typically rely on symptoms, dental examination, and dental X-rays to assess the health and position of the wisdom teeth. Dental X-rays are essential for evaluating the alignment and potential causes of pain in the wisdom teeth. If you have pain and inflammation around your lower wisdom teeth, your dentist may examine the gum tissue around these teeth. Excess gum tissue around partially erupted wisdom teeth can cause pericoronitis.

During the examination, your dentist may inquire about your symptoms and medical history to aid in diagnosing pericoronitis. Additional tests may be conducted to confirm the diagnosis or rule out other conditions contributing to the symptoms.

diagnose pericoronitis

If you experience symptoms such as swelling of the gum, difficulty opening your mouth, or swollen lymph nodes, it’s important to see a dentist as soon as possible. Your dentist will examine your wisdom teeth and assess the severity of the condition. In some cases, oral surgery may be necessary to remove the gum flap or the wisdom teeth. That can be done under local anesthesia. Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the infection and prevent it from spreading.

Good oral hygiene practices like rinsing with warm salt water can help alleviate symptoms and prevent further complications. It’s important to follow your dentist’s recommendations and maintain good oral hygiene to prevent future occurrences of pericoronitis.

Management and Pericoronitis Treatment

One possible management and treatment option for pericoronitis is through dental cleaning and antibiotics. When you have pericoronitis, the tissue around your partially erupted wisdom tooth becomes inflamed and infected. To help alleviate the pain and inflammation, your dentist may recommend a combination of dental cleaning and antibiotics.

Management and Pericoronitis Treatment

Here are some key points to know about this treatment option:

  • Dental cleaning: Your dentist will thoroughly clean the affected tooth and the surrounding gum tissue. This process involves removing any debris or bacteria contributing to the infection.
  • Antibiotics: Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to help clear up the infection and prevent it from spreading. It’s important to take the full course of antibiotics as prescribed, even if your symptoms improve.
  • Follow your dentist’s instructions: Make sure to follow your dentist’s instructions for taking the antibiotics and any other medications prescribed.
  • Practice good oral hygiene at home: It’s important to maintain good oral hygiene along with dental cleaning and antibiotics. That includes brushing and flossing regularly, especially around your wisdom teeth.

Home Care Practices

When managing and treating pericoronitis, it’s important to integrate home remedies to promote healing and alleviate symptoms. Pericoronitis occurs when the gum tissue around a wisdom tooth becomes inflamed and infected.

To start, you can rinse your mouth with warm salt water. That helps reduce inflammation and cleans the affected area.

salt water for pericoronitis

Applying a cold compress to the outside of your cheek can also alleviate pain and reduce swelling. If needed, you can take over-the-counter pain medication as directed to manage discomfort.

Avoid hard or crunchy foods that can worsen symptoms, and choose softer, easy-to-chew options instead. If food particles are trapped, gently remove the gum flap using a toothbrush or cotton swab.

If the pain and swelling persist or worsen, you must see your dentist for further examination. They may recommend removing the gum flap or providing other necessary treatments to relieve pain and promote healing.


Maintaining good oral hygiene is key in preventing pericoronitis. Following a few simple steps can greatly reduce your risk of developing this painful condition.

Here are some important prevention strategies to keep in mind:

  • Brush and floss regularly: Brush your teeth twice and floss daily. That helps remove plaque and food particles that can contribute to pericoronitis.
  • Use antibacterial mouthwash: Integrating an antibacterial mouthwash into your oral hygiene routine can help destroy harmful bacteria and prevent pericoronitis.

floss regularly

Outlook / Prognosis

With proper treatment and care, pericoronitis usually resolves within a week or two, allowing you to return to normal oral health. The outlook for pericoronitis depends on the severity of the condition and the chosen treatment. Mild cases typically last a few days, while severe cases may last several weeks. Pericoronitis symptoms may return if left untreated, so timely treatment is essential for long-term management.

One common treatment for pericoronitis is the removal of the wisdom tooth causing the problem. That not only alleviates the current symptoms but also prevents recurrent episodes. Good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing regularly, can help reduce the risk of pericoronitis. Regularly visiting your dentist and following their recommendations can improve the overall prognosis.

You can rinse your mouth with warm salt water to relieve the pain around the affected area. That can help reduce inflammation and provide temporary relief. However, seeking medical advice and contacting your dentist immediately is important. They may prescribe antibiotics to treat any infection or suggest other appropriate treatments.

Dental Health: Navigating Treatment and Care

Dental implants have revolutionized tooth replacement, but complications like jaw stiffness or mechanical trauma can arise without proper care. A sore throat may accompany pericoronitis, an infection around partially erupted wisdom teeth, often necessitating an antibiotic prescription.

Navigating Treatment and Care

Bacterial growth, if unchecked, can lead to gum disease or the spread of infection, potentially requiring dental treatment or even tooth extraction. Food debris accumulation near implants or impacted teeth may trigger infections, and signs of pericoronitis, such as discharge of pus or adjacent tooth pain, warrant prompt attention. Oral antibiotics or over-the-counter pain relievers can manage symptoms, while oral rinses or water irrigators aid in cleaning infected tissues. Ignoring these issues may lead to complications like respiratory tract infections or tooth loss.

Maintaining good oral hygiene and seeking timely dental care after wisdom tooth removal are essential to prevent complications, as they can prevent further discomfort, body pain, or dry mouth commonly associated with these conditions.


Immediate recognition and appropriate Pericoronitis Treatment are essential in managing this dental condition’s discomfort and potential risks. From maintaining proper oral hygiene to seeking professional intervention when symptoms arise, a proactive approach can mitigate the severity of pericoronitis. Consulting with a dentist for personalized guidance and treatment is paramount in ensuring swift recovery and preventing recurrent episodes of this condition. By staying informed and taking proactive measures, individuals can effectively address pericoronitis and promote better oral health.


Richard Mark

Hi, I'm Richard Mark, a dentist with a focus on gum health. I have a lot of experience and I'm currently working on my PhD in dentistry. I started Dentist Decode in 2023 to share information and help people take care of their teeth.